Two and a half million Haitians live in extreme poverty. Haiti is the poorest country in the northern hemisphere. Two out of three Haitians live on less than US$2 per day. Ten percent of the richest Haitians possess 70 percent of the country's total income. Fifty percent of urban Haitians are unemployed. Shocks induced by climate change threaten over 500,000 Haitians every year.
Although agriculture is an important sector of Haiti’s economy, the country fails to produce enough food, and imports more than 50 percent for its population’s needs. It imports 80 percent of its main staple: rice. Ninety percent of farmers depend on rain for their harvest as only ten percent of the crops are irrigated.
One-hundred thousand children under five years of age suffer from acute malnutrition, while one in three children is stunted, or irreversibly short for their age. Less than 50 percent of households have access to safe water and only 25 percent benefit from adequate sanitation.